List Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) And Their Cure
List Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) And Their Cure

List Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) And Their Cures

Everyone is familiar with STD or Sexually Transmitted Disease. STD is a disease that is sexually transmitted through contact. There is a chance to get an STD when any kind of sexual activity occurs with an infected person.

It’s the bacteria that passes from one person to another via bloodsemen or other vaginal fluids. Some people may be asymptomatic, and not show any signs or symptoms, and still spread the disease.

What’s the difference between STD and STI?

An STD is a sexually transmitted disease and an STI is a sexually transmitted infection. STDs and STIs are frequently interchanged but they mean different things. A girl may have an STI; but if she were to develop cervical cancer from HPV, she now has an STD since cancer is considered a disease.

How Common Is an STD?

One in two people will contract an STI by age 25. Each year, there are about 376 million new infections with one of the following 4 STIs: gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and syphilis. Over 290 million women have human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Over 500 million people are estimated to have genital infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV).

Many people don’t know how severe STDs can be and how wide symptoms and signs can range for each one. Some people don’t notice the signs and the condition can become worse.

Many people are unsure of the symptoms for each of the STDs and their available treatments. An STD is not a death sentence and with the right treatment, most people can live completely normal or even get rid of their condition altogether.

So let us go below and check out the common list of STDs and discuss their treatments as well.

Timeline for Common STD symptoms

Here you can see how long before the common STD symptoms start appearing. However, keep in mind that most of the STDs can show no symptoms at all.

std symptoms timeline chart
std symptoms timeline chart

List of STDs

Here is the list of STDs that people generally don’t know or if they know also, they don’t how to prevent it. So here is the complete information on what different types of sexually transmitted diseases are and how to cure them.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is seen in both men and women and considered a common one. In women, infection occurs in the cervix and men, penile urethra. This generally happens due to oral sex or vaginal sex who is already infected.

Symptoms of Chlamydia

The symptoms can appear on average from 14-21 days. Its symptoms include painful sex, swollen testicles, unusual discharge, etc. 75% of all women, and 50% of all men with chlamydia have no STD symptoms.

Is treatment available for Chlamydia?

Yes, Chlamydia is treated by using antibiotic medicine azithromycin (97% cure rate from single dose) and doxycycline (100% cure rate for 7 day treatment). For prevention, use protection during sex.

Trichomoniasis

This is also a common infection that covers both men and women. It generally doesn’t have any symptoms and caused by a protozoan parasite. Vagina for women and urethra for men that infects and happens due to vulva contact.

Symptoms of Trichomoniasis

The symptoms can appear from 5-28 days. Its symptoms are not known but one can consider the changes to identify the problem like vaginal discharge, pain during sex while urinating.

Is treatment available for Trichomoniasis?

Yes, Trichomoniasis can be cured by an antibiotic called Metronidazole. The expected cure rate is 95%. For prevention, using condoms is very important.

Genital herpes

Herpes is also considered as STDs infection that occurs as sores in sexually exposed areas. It is further divided into two forms namely HSV1 and HSV2. Now HSV1 occurs in the mouth whereas HSV2 occurs in the genital regions.

Symptoms of Genital Herpes

The symptoms can appear from 2-14 days. Dealing with this condition is very painful but it doesn’t further cause any kind of serious health issues. Its symptoms are sores or a kind of painful blisters seen in the mouthvaginalipsanuspenis.

Is treatment available for Genital Herpes?

Generally, Herpes has no cure but using some medicines will help suppress the symptoms. Taking medication can prevent 70-80% of symptomatic recurrences. Using condoms during sexual activity can prevent herpes and help stop spreading it to others.

HIV/AIDS

HIV is a famous name for everyone and is also known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is also associated with AIDS. Previously there was not sort of treatment to overcome the condition but nowadays people suffering from it can live a healthy life.

This happens due to sex and some fluids like vaginal secretionbreast milksemen, etc. But this is not a transmitted disease in sharing foodskissingholding hands, etc. Many people don’t have any symptoms.

Symptoms of HIV/AIDS

Few signs that can help you spot this infection are loss of energyvomitingheadachejoint pain, or swollen lymph glands. Some people may not have any symptoms at all for up to 10 years. Some can show symptoms 14 days after exposure.

Is treatment available for HIV/AIDS?

There is no cure for HIV but there are lots of medicines available that can help you live a long and healthy life. The general life expectancy for someone who starts HIV medication early is nearly the same as someone who does not have it.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is considered almost the same as Chlamydia. It is generally caused by Bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea. Its signs are also not seen much and it spreads due to oral, vaginal and anal sex.

It can spread to anyone if a mother is infected then it can spread to the baby while birth.

Symptoms of Gonorrhea

The symptoms can appear from 2-30 days. Some signs of this condition include itching in anal, pain during urination, or throat infection. 50% of all women with gonorrhea and 10% of men don’t show any symptoms.

Is treatment available for Gonorrhea?

Yes, treatment for gonorrhea is through antibiotics such as cefixime, azithromycin, and ceftriaxone. Depending on the type, the cure rate is very good, between 62-98%.

Hepatitis B/HBV

Hepatitis B is also on in the list of STDs diseases. It spreads through contact with infected blood, semen, sores or another type of fluids. This infection is very dangerous as it can damage the liver and spread to babies if the mother is infected.

It can happen to anyone and as time passes, this condition leads to liver cancer, cirrhosis, and liver scarring. Only in the United States, around 1.25 million people are infected from HBV infection.

Symptoms of HBV

Symptoms of HBV be seen in the form of jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin), vomiting, fever, nausea, and stomach bloating. Less severe symptoms can be loss of appetite, low-grade fever, joint and muscle pain, and stomach pain. Most people do not experience symptoms, but they can still appear 60-150 days after infection. The average is 90 days.

Is treatment available for HBV?

No, there is no cure for HBV currently. However, the good news is that it goes away on it’s own in 4-8 weeks for most people. More than 9 out of 10 adults who get HBV will totally recover. 1 in 20 people who get HBV as adults will become carriers and have a long-lasting infection.

Prevention for HBV is through the Hepatitis B vaccine and through the use of protection while having sex.

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum Contagiosum is a skin disease that causes small bumps on the skin and is grouped in MCV-1MCV-2MCV-3, and MCV-4. It spreads when an infected skin is touched with sexual activity. It also spreads through contact with clothes or towels and occurs in children as well.

Symptoms of Molluscum Contagiosum

Symptoms of Molluscum Contagiosum are itchy skin, round and small bumps on the skin.

Is treatment available for Molluscum Contagiosum?

No treatment is necessary. Most people who will get Molluscum Contagiosum will have a good prognosis and the infection is resolved within 6-12 months without treatment.  However, doctors can use chemicals or even electric current to remove bumps.

This condition can be avoided by preventing the skin to skin touch with a person who has the condition. Also, remember not to use the clothes of the infected person.

How long should I wait to get tested after unprotected sex?

Most of the STDs are not immediately detectible after sex. Depending on the STD, you may need to wait for about 4-6 to be able to check for most of the common STDs. Also, keep in mind that some clinics don’t check for all STDs unless you have symptoms or specifically request to be tested for the particular STD. Planned Parenthood offers free anonymous testing in many states. There are also many free HIV testing clinics available as well.

 

Conclusion

STDs are common diseases that millions of people suffer from but there are ways to prevent them. Many of them are cured using antibiotics and other medications. Staying smart, using protection, and being informed are simple ways to protect yourself from most of them. Having an STD or STI is not the end of the world as many people are currently able to get treatment and live long and healthy lives. There is free STD testing available in most areas. You should consult with your doctor if you have any symptoms.